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  • How to Obtain Elements--Hydrogen

    07 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have collected over 30 elements from household substances for less than 15 dollars. Many more elements are available as well, although I have not collected them personally. I have compiled a list of sources for all of the elements that can be obtained...

  • How To Obtain Elements--Helium

    08 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    As I had stated in an earlier post, I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Helium will be discussed here. Helium, is a colorless, tasteless, odorless, nontoxic, nonflammable, nonreactive, light gas....

  • How to Make Copper(II) chloride

    08 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper(II) chloride is toxic. Do not eat the crystals or drink the solution. Avoid getting the acidic solutions on your hands or face. To be safe, wear gloves and goggles. Keep crystals out of reach of children, unless they have extreme copper...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Lithium

    09 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    As I had stated in an earlier post, I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Lithium will be discussed here. Lithium is a soft, malleable, gray alkali metal. It tarnishes to purple, then black, then...

  • How to make copper(I) chloride

    09 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper(I) chloride is toxic. Do not eat the precipitate or drink the solutions. Otherwise, everything is safe. This is the beginning of the copper(II) chloride series of experiments. A wide range of experiments with copper(II) chloride can be...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Beryllium

    10 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Beryllium will be discussed here. Beryllium is an insanely light, strong, gray metal. It is the first alkaline earth metal. It has properties similar to aluminium,...

  • Experiments with copper(I) chloride

    10 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper(I) chloride is toxic. Do not eat the precipitate or drink the solution. Ammonia vapors are strong. Duck when opening an ammonia bottle as ammonia vapors are lighter than air. Hydrochloric acid can burn skin if splashed on it. Use gloves....

  • How to Obtain Alkalis

    10 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Strong bases can turn your fat into soap. Even if you want to lose weight, do not apply strong bases to your skin. Ammonia vapors are somewhat toxic. They rise in air, so always keep an ammonia bottle on a high shelf. There are two alkalis used...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Boron

    11 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Boron will be discussed here. Boron is an element that exists in two forms. One is an extremely hard black crystalline substane. The other is a red amorphous...

  • Chloralkali process

    11 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Chloralkali process can release toxic chlorine vapor and sodium hydroxide, which is corrosive. Research conditions before attempting electrolysis on a substance. Only release halogens outside, in a fume hood, or in a test tube. The chloralkali...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Carbon

    13 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Carbon will be discussed here. Carbon has several physical forms, or allotropes. Graphite is black, soft, electrically conductive solid. Diamond is a clear,...

  • How to make insoluble copper(II) compounds

    13 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper compounds are toxic. Do not eat or drink them. Alkalis are corrosive. Wear gloves. You will need: Copper(II) chloride Sodium bicarbonate Sodium carbonate Sodium hydroxide Dissolve copper(II) chloride (how to make it is found at http://lanthanumkchemistry.over-blog.com/article-how-to-make-copper-ii-chloride-76079848.html)...

  • Copper(II) chloro complexes

    13 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper compounds are toxic. Do not eat or drink. Hydrochloric acid is corrosive. Wear gloves. You will need: Copper(II) chloride Hydrochloric acid Test tube Copper(II) chloride forms chloro complexes with hydrochloric acid. They range in color...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Nitrogen

    14 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Nitrogen will be discussed here. Nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, relatively inert gas. It reacts directly and easily with very few elements, lithium...

  • Copper(II) ammine complex

    14 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Copper salts are toxic. Do not eat or drink. We have already seen the copper(I) ammine complex, which is colorless. It was formed when copper(I) oxide dissolves in ammonia. When it was oxidized, a blue solution of the copper(II) ammine complex...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Oxygen

    15 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Oxygen will be discussed here. Oxygen is a colorless, odorless gas. It supports combustion and is necessary to life. It is regenerated by all plants. Oxygen...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Fluorine

    16 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Fluorine will be discussed here. Fluorine is the most reactive element. It is an extremely powerful oxidizing agent. It is a yellow-brown toxic gas. Fluorides,...

  • Flame Tests

    16 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Flames can burn. Keep flammables out of flames. Many metals and their salts are toxic. Do not eat or drink them. As long as you do not make more than 1/2 gram of manganese(II) chloride, you may dispose of it down the drain. You will need: One...

  • Chloride test

    16 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Cobalt(II) chloride is toxic and potentially carcinogenic. Do not eat or drink. Do not dump cobalt chloride down the drain. Place it in the garbage if you have a very small amount. You will need: Cobalt(II) chloride Sodium chloride or potassium...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Neon

    17 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Neon will be discussed here. Neon is another noble gas. It is colorless, odorless, and tasteless. It forms no known compounds. It is used in neon lamps. It is...

  • High Temperature Oxidation of Elements

    17 June 2011 ( #Experiments )

    Warning: Many metal oxide fumes and other oxides are harmful for inhalation. Do not burn yourself on the hot materials. Arsenic, selenium, lead, and tellurium are quite toxic. You will need: One or more of these: lead powder, bismuth powder, tellurium...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Sodium

    20 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Sodium will be discussed here. Sodium is a light, low-melting, reactive metal. It belongs in the alkali metals group. It oxidizes rapidly in air, and its reaction...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Magnesium

    21 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Magnesium will be discussed here. Magnesium is a light, relatively strong alkali metal. It is highly reactive but protected by an oxide layer. It finds much...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Aluminium

    22 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Aluminium will be discussed here. Aluminium is a very common, light, silvery gray metal. It requires much energy to extract from its ores and can be recycled...

  • How to Obtain Elements--Silicon

    23 June 2011 ( #Elements )

    I have compiled a list of sources for the elements that are available to the amateur chemist. Silicon will be discussed here. Silicon is a hard, bluish-gray semimetal. When extremely pure, it has a mirror-like shine. It is the second most abundant element...

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